Oil, coal, and natural gas in their natural state of hibernation deep in the Earth pose no threat to the atmosphere of our planet. Once they are brought to the surface and burned for the production of heat to power electric generating turbines, they add polluting carbon (CO2) to the air we breathe and help trap heat in the atmosphere. These fuel sources are the mainstays of the power generation industry today. Nuclear power, although innocent from a carbon polluting standpoint, produces massive amounts of difficult to dispose of irradiated waste materials, and as we saw recently in Japan, is far from perfected. Wind and solar have great potential, but are still far from being an economical solution.
In the last few years, more and more power facilities, particularly in Europe, have been including bio-pellets derived from woody biomass in their burning process to reduce carbon emissions. These bio-pellets are carbon neutral and are derived from a sustainable source. The EPA has designated biomass pellets as “CO2 Neutral”. Although the burning of these pellets does produce carbon dioxide, the product came from plants that lived on and used CO2 their entire lives, while providing O2 (oxygen) as a by-product. So unlike coal/oil/natural gas that creates a lot of CO2 but never used any, a biomass pellet is neutral; the same amount used as produced. The source of bio-pellets is dedicated renewable plantation forests, energy crops, and the biomass that is harvested from the Urban Forests surrounding our cities and homes.
The appetite worldwide for bio-pellets is growing exponentially and OGS is positioned to become a major participant in this burgeoning industry.